Pronoms relatifs indéfinis
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Characteristics of indefinite relative pronouns
- Connect relative and main clauses
- Can be subjects, direct objects, or objects of a preposition
- Are impersonal and therefore invariable
- Are required
If any of the above grammatical concepts are unclear to you, please study those lessons before reading this one.
There are five French indefinite relative pronouns: ce dont, ce que, ce qui, quoi, and quiconque. The first four are the most important and, confusingly, all have the same English equivalents. So which pronoun to use depends solely on the grammatical structure of the sentence.
Here’s a summary of French indefinite relative pronouns with their functions and possible translations – click the links for detailed lessons.
|ce dont||object of preposition de||what, that|
|ce que||direct object||what, that|
|ce qui||subject||what, that|
|(ce) __ quoi||object of any other preposition||what, that|
|quiconque||subject or object||anyone who, whoever|
Relative Pronouns Quizzes
Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on French relative pronouns with these fill-in-the-blanks exercises:
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